YOUNG PEOPLE’S MANIFESTO #GE2020
HEAR OUR VOICE!
It is beyond doubt that the recent economic crisis affected massively on young people and was nothing short of cataclysmic for them. Yet in the years since the collapse of the world financial systems, we have not seen any systematic measures from Government aimed at relieving the situation for young people in Ireland. Previously NESC expressed the situation at its most basic;
“Young people are experiencing high levels of unemployment, with many of them now long-term unemployed. Unemployment among young people is particularly detrimental to the young people themselves, and to wider society, and often has long-term consequences.”
The debt and bailout of the banks and the wider economic crisis are widely accepted as impacting on us for generations. We want a say in this election, we want our voices to be heard on the issues that affect us. The amount of available resources being talked about in the election campaign can easily deliver these commitments, and we believe there is still a large amount of tax avoided and uncollected tax that could also contribute to these measures.
OUR FUTURE ENVIRONMENT
Young people again are the ones who will have to live with the long-term impact of climate change and the damage done to our environment. Teen activism has been front and centre in the media, but this is irrelevant if it doesn’t lead to real change. Ireland remains bottom of the class when it comes to emissions in the EU and only a radical plan can reverse this dealing with issues like transport, agriculture and energy. The transition to a low carbon future must be a just one but it must happen.
Young people are also the ones suffering today for example in floods in towns not protected and with schools closing which have been badly planned in terms of flood defences. Young people are more open to the type of measures that will address environmental challenges. We need stricter planning laws and an end to corruption locally and nationally which causes so many problems down the line in terms of the decisions made.
- Commit to an 8% annual reduction in emissions to redress our woeful performance to date and ensure a “just transition” in this process
- Ensure no more building on flood plains.
- Introduce an Anti-Corruption Act giving real enforcement powers to SIPO.
JOBS FOR US – NOT JOBS FOR THE BOYS!
Governments have claimed not to have cut core social welfare rates for the most vulnerable, yet social welfare payments for young people were cut massively over the past number of years, and the basic rate of Jobseekers allowance at €100 is recognised as being below subsistence levels. Thousands of young people who want a job, find themselves on a merry-go-round between training, education, unemployment and successive stints on internships. This is not good enough! Jobs for young people and preventing youth unemployment must genuinely be at the heart of the next Government. There should be no discrimination in the rate of the minimum wage for young people and we need a major extension in education and training places for young people if the idea of a “Youth Guarantee” is to be a reality in Ireland.
- Reverse the cuts to job seekers allowance for young people.
- Equalise the minimum wage for young people in the same time-scale.
- Give youth organisations a dedicated role in delivering employment measures.
A PLACE TO GO
In hard times one of the few places young people can go that is available and free, is the youth club or project. Again, during the recession funding for these places was cut to the bone. Youth centres have closed over the last few years and a lot of youth workers are now part time. A lot of the funding can only be used for work on issues like drugs and crime, even though we know giving young people options locally prevents these problems. Youth Services need to continue to be a support to young LGBTI+ young people under the LGBTI Youth Strategy. Similarly, we are facing a rise in youth homelessness and need a dedicated strategy.
- Reverse the cuts to youth services with a 5% annual increase in funding over the lifetime of the next Government, consistent with the DCYA Value for Money Report.
- Introduce a dedicated capital fund for youth work.
- Ensure greater security for young tenants and guarantee that all young people leaving State care have a secure home to prevent spiralling youth homelessness
- Ensure continued support for Youth Services to deliver to young LGBTI+ young people under the LGBTI Youth Strategy
YOUNG PEOPLE’S HEALTH A BENCHMARK OF REAL PROGRESS
It is now widely accepted that Mental Health is a serious issue for young people. We need to have a dedicated approach as with physical well-being. Under the “Vision for Change” Mental Health Strategy, a key cornerstone is the development of Community Mental Health Teams. A new National Youth Mental Health Task Force also needs implementation. The admission of children and young people into adult psychiatric facilities is also a blot on our mental health system for young people. Online safety and security is also a big issue for young people in this area. Around 1 in 7 young people (15%) aged 15-24 living in Ireland are minority ethnic and the U.N. has highlighted the issue of hate speech in Ireland.
The Growing Up In Ireland Survey has found extremely high levels of obesity amongst young people in Ireland. There are pronounced social-class inequalities in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among nine-year-olds. These rates are high by international standards. Young people are rarely consulted about this area. We support the extension of medical cards to young people under 25 as a way of promoting preventative approaches to healthcare, which will save the state in the long term. We want to see a universal system like the NHS in the UK.
- Cease the practice of placing young people in adult mental health facilities.
- Support youth work as providers for above.
- Support Youth Information Centres as key actors in facilitating healthy life choices for young people.
- Provide medical cards for all under 25s and move towards an Irish NHS.
- Increase education programmes on STIs, healthy living and eating.
- Implement the UN CERD Recommendations on Hate Speech
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in Article 12 provides that;
“States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child. For this purpose, the child shall in particular be provided the opportunity to be heard in any judicial and administrative proceedings affecting the child, either directly, or through a representative or an appropriate body, in a manner consistent with the procedural rules of national law.”
But the reality is far different. Young people have little influence on the system, things are committed to but don’t ever happen. Other groups are in a better position to organise. Votes at 16 could open up a new participation stream linked to schools. The first should be a pilot for local and European elections. The main parties in the Seanad voted down a previous proposal. This doesn’t need a referendum and can be done by the Dáil and we think it should be!
- Introduce votes at 16 for local and European elections which does not require a referendum.
Staying in rural Ireland is becoming harder for young people. There needs to be an enhanced support package for young people to stay in farming and rural Ireland. Emigration has been a huge drain on rural Ireland but has received no political attention. Enterprise support and better facilities like Broadband and transport are needed. We need a dedicated minister for rural development.
- Establish a dedicated minister for rural affairs.
- Provide an improved package for young farmers to stay on the land.
EDUCATION TODAY AND TOMORROW
Our schools can often resemble something from the dark ages with top down structures where young people’s voices are rarely heard. Disadvantage in education whether in boom or bust times is a deep-seated problem. Early school leaving remains an issue in many disadvantaged areas. The performance of children on key indicators under the PISA system is significantly less in DEIS schools despite some improvement. Non-attendance measured by TusLa (formerly the NEWB) is still high. Student Councils are patchy at best and young people have no involvement in the most mundane issues like school rules, books and uniform policy. Costs for secondary school are rising and rising. Our work on sexual health has illustrated the need for radical change in the curriculum here.
Student Councils need support and the example set by some schools by having young people on boards is the future, it is the only way young people can be truly involved. Too many young people still leave school early and the alternatives aren’t great. Teachers need to be accountable for their performance in their jobs too and the legislation is there for this!
More and more young people are going to third level, but it is being made harder and harder. Young people have to endure more broken promises on third level fees and third level is light years from the free system promised by the politicians. Loans or graduate taxes are now proposed despite the evidence from elsewhere that they saddle people with even more debt for life.
- Fast track reform of the Leaving Certificate based on the work of the NCCA
- Re-introduce the Early School Leavers Survey.
- Ensure proper student councils in all schools, and eventually young people on all school boards.
- Implement the findings of the NCCA in relation to Sex Education.
- Freeze all fees and move towards truly free third level education.
TRANSPORT: THE FORGOTTEN YOUTH ISSUE
Young people have a unique exposure to the failings of our public transport system as they use it while many of our leaders don’t. Practically all public transport routes lead to Dublin and it is almost impossible to make other radial journeys. We see the complete absence of public transport links between major towns such as Clonmel and Nenagh and practically non-existent services from parts of Kildare to Maynooth. Fares have risen drastically, and routes have clearly been axed in the recession with the knowledge that it is the young and the old who use them most!
- Ensure permanent representation for young people on public transport consumer bodies.
- Survey young people on their public transport needs & Freeze fares.